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[5th May, 1999] Commencement
WHEREAS the Federal Military Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in compliance with the Transition to Civil Rule (Political Programme) Decree 1998 has, through the Independent National Electoral Commission, conducted elections to the office of President and Vice-
AND WHEREAS the Federal Military Government in furtherance of its commitment to hand over to a democratically elected civilian administration on 29th May 1999 inaugurated on 11th November 1998, the Constitutional Debate Co-
AND WHEREAS the Constitutional Debate Co-
AND WHEREAS the Constitutional Debate Co-
AND WHEREAS the Provisional Ruling Council has approved the report subject to such amendments as are deemed necessary in the public interest and for the purpose of promoting the security, welfare and good governance and fostering the unity and progress of the people of Nigeria with a view to achieving its objective of handing over an enduring Constitution to the people of Nigeria;
AND WHEREAS, it is necessary in accordance with the programme on transition to civil rule for the Constitution of the federal Republic of Nigeria 1979 after necessary amendments and approval by the Provisional Ruling Council to be promulgated into a new Constitution for the Federal Republic of Nigeria in order to give the same force of law with effect from 29th May 1999:
NOW THEREFORE, THE FEDERAL MILITARY GOVERNMENT hereby decrees as follows:-
Promulgation of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999. Schedule.
1. (1) There shall be for Nigeria a Constitution which shall be as set out in the Schedule to this Decree.
(2) The Constitution set out in the Schedule to this Decree shall come into force on 29th May 1999.
(3) Whenever it may hereafter be necessary for the Constitution to be printed it shall be lawful for the Federal Government Printer to omit all parts of this Decree apart from the Schedule and the Constitution as so printed shall have the force of law notwithstanding the omission.
2. This Decree may be cited as the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (Promulgation) Decree 1999.
SCHEDULE section 1(1)
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Part I – Federal Republic of Nigeria
1. Supremacy of the Constitution.
2. The Federal Republic of Nigeria.
3. States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
Part II – Powers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
4. Legislative powers.
5. Executive powers.
6. Judicial powers.
7. Local government system.
8. New States and boundary adjustment, etc.
9. Mode of altering provisions of the Constitution.
10. Prohibition of State Religion.
11. Public order and public security.
12. Implementation of treaties.
FUNDAMENTAL OBJECTIVES AND DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
13. Fundamental obligations of the Government.
14. The Government and the people.
15. Political objectives.
16. Economic objectives.
17. Social objectives.
18. Educational objectives.
19. Foreign policy objectives.
20. Environmental objectives.
21. Directive on Nigerian cultures.
22. Obligation of the mass media.
23. National ethics.
24. Duties of the citizen.
25. Citizenship by birth.
26. Citizenship by registration.
27. Citizenship by naturalisation.
28. Dual citizenship.
29. Renunciation of citizenship.
30. Deprivation of citizenship.
31. Persons deemed to be Nigerian citizens.
32. Power to make regulations.
33. Right to life.
34. Right to dignity of human person.
35. Right to personal liberty.
36. Right to fair hearing.
37. Right to private and family life.
38. Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
39. Right to freedom of expression and the press.
40. Right to peaceful assembly and association.
41. Right to freedom of movement.
42. Right to freedom from discrimination.
43. Right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.
44. Compulsory acquisition of property.
45. Restriction on and derogation from fundamental rights.
46. Special jurisdiction of High court and legal aid.
Part I – National Assembly
A – Composition and staff of National Assembly
47. Establishment of the National Assembly.
48. Composition of the Senate.
49. Composition of the House of Representatives.
50. President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives.
51. Staff of the National Assembly.
B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of National Assembly
52. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of members.
53. Presiding at sittings of the National Assembly and at joint sittings.
57. Unqualified person sitting or voting.
58. Mode of exercising federal legislative power: general.
59. Mode of exercising Federal legislative power: money bills.
60. Regulation of procedure.
61. Vacancy or participation of strangers not to invalidate proceedings.
64. Dissolution and issue of proclamations by President.
C – Qualifications for Membership of National Assembly and Right of Attendance
65. Qualifications for election.
67. Right of attendance of President.
68. Tenure of seat of members.
D – Elections to National Assembly
71. Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies.
72. Size of Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies.
73. Periodical review of Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies.
74. Time when alteration of Senatorial districts or Federal constituencies takes effect.
75. Ascertainment of population.
76. Time of election to the National Assembly.
7.7. Direct election and franchise.
78. Supervision of election.
79. Power of the National Assembly as to determination of certain questions.
E – Powers and Control over Public Funds
80. Establishment of Consolidated Revenue Fund.
81. Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Revenue Fund.
82. Authorisation of expenditure in default of appropriations.
83. Contingencies Fund.
84. Remuneration, etc. of the President and certain other officers.
85. Audit of public accounts.
86. Appointment of Auditor-
87. Tenure of office of Auditor-
88. Power to conduct investigations.
89. Power as to matters of evidence.
Part II – House of Assembly of a State
A – Composition and Staff of House of Assembly
90. Establishment of House of Assembly for each State.
91. Composition of the House of Assembly.
92. Speaker of House of Assembly.
93. Staff of House of Assembly.
B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of House of Assembly
94. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of members.
95. Presiding at sittings.
99. Unqualified person sitting or voting.
100. Mode of exercising legislative power of a State.
101. Regulation of procedure.
102. Vacancy or participation of strangers not to invalidate proceedings.
105. Dissolution and issue of proclamation by Governor.
C – Qualification for Membership of House of Assembly and Right of Attendance
106. Qualifications for election.
108. Right of attendance of Governor.
109. Tenure of seat of members.
D – Elections to a House of Assembly
112. State constituencies.
113. Size of State constituencies.
114. Periodical review of State constituencies.
115. Time when alteration of State constituencies takes effect.
116. Time of elections to Houses of Assembly.
117. Direct election and franchise.
118. Supervision of election.
119. Power of National Assembly as to determination of certain questions.
E – Power and Control over Public funds
120. Establishment of Consolidated Revenue Fund.
121. Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Revenue Fund.
122. Authorisation of expenditure in default of appropriations.
123. Contingencies Fund.
124. Remuneration, etc., of the Governor and certain other officers.
125. Audit of public accounts.
126. Appointment of Auditor-
127. Tenure of office of Auditor-
128. Power to conduct investigations.
129. Power as to matters of evidence.
Part I – Federal Executive
A – The President of the Federation
130. Establishment of the office of President.
131. Qualification for election as President.
132. Election of the President: general.
133. Election: single Presidential candidate.
134. Election: two or more Presidential candidates.
135. Tenure of office of President.
136. Death, etc. of President-
138. President: disqualification from other jobs.
139. Determination of certain questions relating to election.
140. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of President.
141. Establishment of office of Vice-
142. Nomination and election of Vice-
143. Removal of President from office.
144. Permanent incapacity of President or Vice-
145. Acting President during temporary absence of President.
146. Discharge of functions of President.
147. Ministers of Federal Government.
148. Executive responsibilities of Ministers.
149. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of Ministers.
151. Special Advisers.
152. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oath of Special Adviser.
B – Establishment of Certain Federal Executive Bodies
153. Federal Commissions and Councils, etc.
154. Appointment of Chairman and members.
155. Tenure of office of members.
156. Qualification for membership.
157. Removal of members.
158. Independence of certain bodies.
159. Quorum and decisions.
160. Powers and procedure.
C – Public Revenue
162. Distributable pool account.
163. Allocation of other revenue.
164. Federal grants-
165. Cost of collection of certain duties.
167. Sums charged on Consolidated Revenue Fund.
168. Provisions with regard to payments.
D – The Public Service of the Federation
169. Establishment of civil service of the Federation.
170. Federal Civil Service Commission: power to delegate functions.
171. Presidential appointments.
172. Code of Conduct.
173. Protection of pension rights.
174. Public prosecutions.
175. Prerogative of mercy.
Part II – State Executive
A – The Governor of a State
176. Establishment of the office of Governor.
177. Qualification for election as Governor.
178. Election of Governor: general.
179. Election: single candidate and two or more candidates.
180. Tenure of office of Governor.
181. Death, etc, of Governor-
183. Governor; disqualification from other jobs.
184. Determination of certain questions relating to elections.
185. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of office of Governor.
186. Establishment of the office of Deputy Governor.
187. Nomination and election of Deputy Governor.
188. Removal of Governor or Deputy Governor from office.
189. Permanent incapacity of Governor or Deputy Governor.
190. Acting Governor during temporary absence of Governor.
191. Discharge of functions of Governor.
192. Commissioners of State Government.
193. Executive responsibilities of Deputy Governor and Commissioners.
194. Declaration of assets and liabilities; oaths of Commissioners.
196. Special Advisers.
B – Establishment of Certain State Executive Bodies
197. State Commissions.
198. Appointment of Chairman and members.
199. Tenure of office of members.
200. Qualification for membership.
201. Removal of members.
202. Independence of certain bodies.
203. Quorum and decisions.
204. Powers and procedure.
C – The Public Service of a State
206. Establishment of State civil service.
207. State Civil Service Commission: power of delegation.
208. Appointments by Governor.
209. Code of Conduct.
210. Protection of pension rights.
211. Public prosecutions.
212. Prerogative of mercy.
Part III – Supplemental
A – National Population Census
213. National population census.
B – Nigeria Police Force
214. Establishment of Nigeria Police Force.
215. Appointment of Inspector-
216. Delegation of powers to the Inspector-
C – Armed Forces of the Federation
217. Establishment and composition of the armed forces of the Federation.
218. Command and operational use.
219. Establishment of body to ensure federal character of armed forces.
220. Compulsory military service.
D – Political Parties
221. Prohibition of political activities by certain associations.
222. Restriction on formation of political parties.
223. Constitution and rules of political parties.
224. Aims and objects.
225. Finances of political parties.
226. Annual report on finances.
227. Prohibition of quasi-
228. Powers of the National Assembly with respect to political parties.
Part I – Federal Courts
A – The Supreme Court of Nigeria
230. Establishment of the Supreme Court of Nigeria.
231. Appointment of Chief Justice of Nigeria and Justices of the Supreme Court.
232. Original jurisdiction.
233. Appellate jurisdiction.
235. Finality of determinations.
236. Practice and procedure.
B – The Court of Appeal
237. Establishment of Court of Appeal.
238. Appointment of President and Justices of the Court of Appeal.
239. Original jurisdiction.
240. Appellate jurisdiction.
241. Appeals as of right from the Federal High Court or a High Court.
242. Appeals with leave.
243. Exercise of right of appeal from the Federal High Court or a High Court in civil and criminal matters.
244. Appeals from Sharia Court of Appeal.
245. Appeals from Customary Court of Appeal.
246. Appeals from Code of Conduct Tribunal and other courts and tribunals
248. Practice and procedure.
C – The Federal High Court
249. Establishment of the Federal High Court.
250. Appointment of Chief Judge and Judges of the Federal High Court.
254. Practice and procedure.
D – The High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
255. Establishment of the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
256. Appointment of Chief Judge and Judges of High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
259. Practice and procedure.
E – The Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
260. Establishment of the Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
261. Appointment of Grand Kadi and Kadis of the Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory. Abuja.
264. Practice and procedure.
F – The Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
265. Establishment of the Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
266. Appointment of President and Judges of the Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
269. Practice and procedure
Part II – State Courts
A – High Court of a State
270. Establishment of a High Court for each State.
271. Appointment of Chief Judge and Judges of the High Court of a State.
272. Jurisdiction: general.
274. Practice and procedure.
B – Sharia Court of Appeal of a State
275. Establishment of Sharia Court of Appeal.
276. Appointment of Grand Kadi and Kadis of the Sharia Court of Appeal of a State.
279. Practice and procedure.
C – Customary Court of Appeal of a State
280. Establishment of Customary Court of Appeal.
281. Appointment of President and Judges of the Customary Court of Appeal of a State.
284. Practice and procedure.
Part III – Election Tribunals
285. Establishment and Jurisdiction of election tribunals.
Part IV – Supplemental
286. Jurisdiction of State courts in respect of Federal causes.
287. Enforcement of decisions.
288. Appointment of persons learned in Islamic personal law and Customary law.
289. Disqualification of certain legal practitioners.
290. Declaration of assets and liabilities: oaths of judicial officers.
291. Tenure of office and pension rights of judicial officers.
292. Removal of other judicial officers from office.
294. Determination of causes and matters.
295. Reference of questions of law.
FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA AND GENERAL SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
Part I – Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
297. Federal Capital Territory. Abuja: ownership of lands.
298. Capital of the Federation.
299. Application of Constitution.
300. Representation, in the-
301. Adaptation of certain references.
302. Minister of Federal Capital Territory. Abuja.
303. Administration of the Federal Capital Territory. Abuja.
304. Establishment of the Judicial Service Committee of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
Part II – Miscellaneous Provisions
305. Procedure for proclamation of state of emergency.
307. Restriction certain citizens.
308. Restriction on legal proceedings.
Part III – Transitional Provisions and Savings
310. Staff of legislative houses.
311. Standing Orders.
312. Special provisions in respect of first election.
313. System of revenue allocation.
315. Existing law.
316. Existing offices, courts and authorities.
317. Succession to property, rights, liabilities and obligations.
Part IV – Interpretation, Citation and Commencement
Part I – States of the Federation
Part II – Definition and Area Councils of Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
Part I – Exclusive Legislative List
Part II – Concurrent Legislative List
Part III – Supplemental and Interpretation
Part I – Federal Executive Bodies
Part II – State Executive Bodies
Part III – Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Executive Body
Fourth Schedule: Functions of a Local Government Council
Part I – Code of Conduct for Public Officers
Part II – Public Officers for the Purposes of the Code of Conduct
Sixth Schedule: Election Tribunals
Seventh Schedule: Oaths
CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA 1999
WE THE PEOPLE of the Federal Republic of Nigeria:
HAVING firmly and solemnly resolved:
TO LIVE in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble Sovereign Nation under God dedicated to the promotion of inter-
AND TO PROVIDE for a Constitution for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all persons in our country on the principles of Freedom, Equality and Justice, and for the purpose of consolidating the Unity of our people:
DO HEREBY MAKE, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES the following Constitution:
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Supremacy of the Constitution
1. (1) This Constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on all authorities and persons throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
(2) The Federal Republic of Nigeria shall not be governed, nor shall any person or group of persons take control of the Government of Nigeria or any part thereof, except in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.
(3) If any other law is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail, and that other law shall to the extent of the inconsistency be void.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria
2. (1) Nigeria is one indivisible and indissoluble Sovereign State to be known by the name of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
(2) Nigeria shall be a Federation consisting of States and a Federal Capital Territory.
States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
3. (1) There shall be thirty-
Part I First Schedule
(2) Each State of Nigeria named in the first column of Part I of the First Schedule to this Constitution shall consist of the area shown opposite thereto in the second column of that Schedule.
Part I First Schedule
(3) The headquarters of the Government of each State shall be known as the Capital City of that State as shown in the third column of the said Part I of the First Schedule opposite the State named in the first column thereof.
Part II First Schedule
(4) The Federal Capital Territory, Abuja shall be as defined in Part II of the First Schedule to this Constitution.
(5) The provisions of this Constitution in Part I of Chapter VIII hereof shall, in relation to the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, have effect in the manner set out thereunder.
Part I and II First Schedule
(6) There shall be seven hundred and sixty-
NOTE: This Constitution has 320 Sections, all which shall be published in our forthcoming eBook.
• You can read this Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria eBook (e-
• Paper edition of Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria: An Encyclopaedic Guide is also available.
Product description of Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria: An Encyclopaedic Guide as it appears on Amazon websites (US, United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, France, etc):
Rivers State was created out of the former Eastern Nigeria on 27 May 1967 by virtue of the States (Creation and Transitional Provisions) Decree No. 14 of 1967, and inherited Eastern Nigeria legislation in accordance with section 1(5) of the said Decree. Consequently, legislation applicable to Rivers State as at 27 May 1967 consisted of the Laws contained in The Revised Edition of The Laws of Eastern Nigeria 1963 and those enacted between 1963 and 1967. Thereafter, Edicts were promulgated by the successive Military Governors of Rivers State between 1968 and 28 May 1999, interspersed with brief periods of democratic Government that enacted Laws.
The first and only revision of the Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria was published as The Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria 1999 containing legislation still in force at that time. It should be noted that by virtue of section 3 of the Revised Edition (Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria) Law 1991, there may be Laws which, although omitted in The Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria 1999, still have the force of law, just like those included in it. Unfortunately, there is an operational disconnect between the enactment of legislation and their publication in the official form either in the Official Gazette or in bound annual volumes as required by law. Consequently, it becomes a Herculean task to search for every piece of legislation which may be hidden in volumes of files containing signed copies or among thousands of copies of the Official Gazette littered in several locations! Herein lies one aspect of the indispensability of this book, the first edition of which was published in 1994. Without this book, even lawyers may not be aware of some of the existing Laws.
This eBook shall be updated from time to time (throughout a particular year) to reflect changing developments in the Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria. Therefore, readers should remember to check for updates and re-
Table of Contents:
1. Updates and Editions Information
2. Comments on this Book
3. Abbreviations and Guide Notes
5. About the Author
7. Part 1: Chronological Table of Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria (Laws of Eastern Nigeria 1963 – 2011 Rivers State Laws)
8. Part 2: Alphabetical Table of Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria (Laws of Eastern Nigeria 1963 – 2011 Rivers State Laws)
9. Part 3: Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria (Laws of Eastern Nigeria 1963 – 1998 Rivers State Laws) with Notes
10. Part 4: Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria 1999 (Revised Statute Book) and Laws made thereafter (1999 -
11. Chapters of the Laws of Rivers State of Nigeria 1999
The author, Leesi Ebenezer Mitee, holds a Master of Laws (LLM) degree of the University of Huddersfield (United Kingdom). He is a Barrister & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria, lecturer, and former Law Research Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on the Capacity Development for Social Reconciliation Project that provided the juridical foundation of the West Africa Moratorium on Small Arms (light weapons) in 1998. He became a Law Research Consultant to the Rivers State of Nigeria Government in 1994 based on his expertise in the Laws of Rivers State, as evidenced by the first edition of this book.
Format: Kindle Edition
File Size: 489 KB
Publisher: Worldwwide Business Resources, United Kingdom; 2 edition (24 Sep 2011)
Sold by: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
65. (1) Subject to the provisions of section 66 of this Constitution, a person shall be qualified for election as a member of –
(a) the Senate, if he is a citizen of Nigeria and has attained the age of thirty-
(b) the House of Representatives, if he is a citizen of Nigeria and has attained the age of thirty years;
(2) A person shall be qualified for election under subsection (1) of this section if –
(a) he has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent; and
(b) he is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that party.
66. (1) No person shall be qualified for election to the Senate or the House of Representatives if –
(a) subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Constitution, he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a country other than Nigeria or, except in such cases as may be prescribed by the National Assembly, has made a declaration of allegiance to such a country;
(b) under any law in force in any part of Nigeria, he is adjudged to be a lunatic or otherwise declared to be of unsound mind;
(c) he is under a sentence of death imposed on him by any competent court of law or tribunal in Nigeria or a sentence of imprisonment or fine for an offence involving dishonesty or fraud (by whatever name called) or any other offence imposed on him by such a court or substituted by a competent authority for any other sentence imposed on him by such a court;
(d) within a period of less than ten years before the date of an election to a legislative house, he has been convicted and sentenced for an offence involving dishonesty or he has been found guilty of a contravention of the Code of Conduct;
(e) he is an undischarged bankrupt, having been adjudged or otherwise declared bankrupt under any law in force in any part of Nigeria;
(f) he is a person employed in the public service of the Federation or of any State and has not resigned, withdrawn or retired from such employment thirty days before the date of election;
(g) he is a member of a secret society;
(h) he has been indicted for embezzlement or fraud by a Judicial Commission of Inquiry or an Administrative Panel of Inquiry or a Tribunal set up under the Tribunals of Inquiry Act, a Tribunals of Inquiry Law or any other law by the Federal or State Government which indictment has been accepted by the Federal or State Government, respectively; or
(i) he has presented a forged certificate to the Independent National Electoral Commission.
(2) Where in respect of any person who has been –
(a) adjudged to be a lunatic;
(b) declared to be of unsound mind;
(c) sentenced to death or imprisonment; or
(d) adjudged or declared bankrupt,
any appeal against the decision is pending in any court of law in accordance with any law in force in Nigeria, subsection (1) of this section shall not apply during a period beginning from the date when such appeal is lodged and ending on the date when the appeal is finally determined or, as the case may be, the appeal lapses or is abandoned, whichever is earlier.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) of this section, an “appeal” includes any application for an injunction or an order of certiorari, mandamus, prohibition or habeas corpus, or any appeal from any such application.
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